Whatever design period or style your landscape or garden came from, it all boils down to the fact that they make use of the same basic design principles. For your garden to be well designed, it is important to carefully consider its space division, color and tone, light and shade, scale, texture, and unity.
Garden designers must also be mindful about the seasonal changes and the maturation of plants. Lastly, time is of the essence when it comes to garden design unlike other decorative and fine arts.
The first factor will be unity.
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Unity is an aspect that is usually lacking in gardens of today maybe because of the influence brought about by the contemporary era. People are living hectic lives where there is little to no room for patching up their gardens and even their lives. Nonetheless, when you talk about unity, it deals more with the strength of the purpose or totality of the garden design. There is more to making a garden whole than just making use of its texture and tone and color as its unifying garden elements.
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Gardens nowadays make use of an inward design because not all people can afford to live in country estates where the horizon is easily seem over the hill. However, this does not mean that such gardens cannot be designed in a static or progressive manner. The progressive kind of garden design is capable of leading the eyes down an axis. On the other hand, the static type of garden design, is being done on a central open space where the eye is able to focus on other aspects of the garden.
The second factor that should be considered is scale.
Scale is crucial when it comes to your garden design whatever it may be. You should take note that even an outdoor room itself competes with the vastness of the sky. It is important to take into account the laws of perspective as well as ample proportion of your design. The human scale must be considered when it comes to defining the garden or landscape space. If you have garden assets that are humongous such as enormous trees, then it is recommended that you add a buffer or transition of medium scale for it to further relate to other people.
Now as regards the scale of the your garden design, you can choose one of two choices. You can choose to have all parts fit together as a whole. Meanwhile, you can only opt to get one part dominate the whole of your garden. This is one method of creating a focal point. You should also consider the reaction that you get with your eyes. When you look down, your view is lengthened, whereas when you look uphill, your view is shortened. When you place your garden boundaries in shade, you get to either blue or enlarge them.